The 45-year-old Waite, a former Blackhawks goaltender, spent the past three seasons as the goaltending coach for the Chicoutimi Sagueneens of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League.
"We are pleased to welcome Jimmy back to our organization in his new role," Blackhawks general manager Stan Bowman said in a statement. "He has over two decades of professional hockey experience and will be a great addition to our coaching staff."
Waite replaces Steve Weeks in the position. Weeks spent one season with the Blackhawks and was recently let go by the organization. Blackhawks coach Joel Quenneville said recently it was his decision for Weeks not to return.
Waite is the younger brother of former Blackhawks goaltending coach Stephane Waite. Stephane coached with the Blackhawks for 10 seasons and is now the Montreal Canadiens goaltending coach.
Waite played professionally from 1988-2010. He was selected by the Blackhawks as the No. 8 overall pick in the 1987 draft and played in Chicago from 1988-1997.
"I’m very excited to come back to the Chicago Blackhawks, the team that drafted me in 1987," Waite said in a statement. "I look forward to working with Corey and Antti, and to help contribute to the success of this organization."