The Ducks announced the move Monday.
The 43-year-old Roloson played 14 NHL seasons with six teams, making an All-Star team in 2004 and appearing in 50 playoff games, including the 2006 Stanley Cup finals with the Edmonton Oilers. He last suited up with Tampa Bay for the 2011-12 season.
Roloson joined the Anaheim organization in February as a consultant for their AHL team in Norfolk.
Roloson replaces Pete Peeters, who retired from coaching last week. Peeters was Roloson's goaltending coach in Edmonton.