The 6-foot-6 junior power forward, who was dismissed from the Cardinals in late December, told ESPN that he will transfer to Colorado State and finish his career under Rams coach Larry Eustachy.
The news was earlier reported by Bleacher Report.
Colorado State announced Monday that Behanan enrolled in classes for the spring semester.
"I am extremely excited to have Chane enrolled at Colorado State," Eustachy said in a statement. "It is a great fit for both of us. He is a tremendous kid, and I really enjoyed getting to know him during his brief visit to Fort Collins."
Behanan said he will be eligible in mid-December 2014 and have about two-thirds of a season left to play.
"I wanted to get my degree," Behanan told ESPN.com on Monday. "I'm about 38 hours short. I also felt as though it was the right fit with Coach Eustachy."
Behanan has been in Houston working with former NBA player and coach John Lucas for the past few weeks, both on and off the court. Lucas runs a drug and alcohol treatment program for athletes and coaches.
"I feel much better off the court," Behanan said. "Everything's falling into place. John Lucas is a great role model and leader -- and he's helped me a ton over the last few weeks."
Behanan was key in Louisville's success over the past two seasons, when the Cardinals went to the Final Four in 2012 and won the national title last year.
He was suspended this past preseason and missed the season opener, and he averaged 7.6 points and 6.3 rebounds in 12 games before being dismissed following Louisville's loss to Kentucky in late-December.
Behanan contemplated playing in the NBA Developmental League and going overseas to play professionally but said he wanted to get his degree and also finish his college career on a high note.
"I wanted to challenge myself," Behanan said.