Results of drug tests due this week

PHOENIX -- Results are expected in a few days from this
year's drug-testing survey of players, baseball commissioner Bud
Selig said Monday.

If more than 5 percent of those tests are positive for a banned
performance-enhancing substance, then all players will be subject
to possible random, unannounced testing, with penalties for those
who fail.

Otherwise, another survey will be conducted.

"We'll have them in the next few days and they'll be announced
shortly thereafter," said Rob Manfred, Major League Baseball's
general counsel at the general managers' meeting.

Baseball has already added the designer steroid THG to the list
of banned substances for next season.

The performance-enhancing drug automatically was included, under
terms of the game's collective bargaining agreement, when the Food
and Drug Administration declared it an illegal substance.

There will be no retesting of this year's urine samples for THG.
Manfred said that the samples weren't preserved, and that the
bargaining agreement doesn't allow retroactive testing for newly
banned substances.

Selig said he had "no idea" whether the drug testing affected
this year's performances in baseball.

THG was unknown by sports authorities until an anonymous track
and field coach sent a syringe containing the drug to the U.S.
Anti-Doping Agency, which handles drug testing for track and field.

Meanwhile, sluggers Barry Bonds and Jason Giambi are among
dozens of athletes subpoenaed to testify before a grand jury that,
sources say, is investigating the Bay Area Laboratory Co-Operative,
or BALCO, for possible involvement in distribution of illegal
performance-enhancing drugs.

"Look, these people have not been convicted of anything,"
Selig said. "They have merely been called there as witnesses. It
is unfair to read any more into it than that right now."

He said the issue of performance-enhancing drugs in baseball
remains an important one.

"Of course, I have a great sensitivity about all of this,"
Selig said. "I worry a lot about it. I worry about anything that
affects not only the image of the game but the performance of it on
the field, too. The San Francisco thing, we're just going to have
to wait, and that's the only fair and decent thing to do."

Under the drug testing provisions agreed to in bargaining talks
last year, all 1,200 major league players on the 40-man rosters
were tested. Another 240 were selected at random for second tests.

"The theory was that everybody had to do it once," Manfred
said. "But even after you went, we wanted you to have it in the
back of your mind that we might be back to visit a second time. The
idea being that you'd like to control behavior even during the
survey part of the test."

In other matters, Selig said he hoped to have two teams open
their seasons in Japan next year. Last season, Oakland and Seattle
were supposed to begin their seasons in Japan, but the trip was
called off for security reasons.

Selig also said he was disappointed and saddened by the United
States' upset loss to Mexico in Olympic baseball qualifying. The
loss means the defending gold medalist U.S. baseball team won't
compete in the Athens Olympics.

The players on the team were selected from the minor leagues by
a major league baseball committee.

"We need to review all of our procedures to see what we can do
to do things better," Selig said.

Selig said the U.S. loss strengthens his belief that there
should be a World Cup baseball competition. But forget about major
league players participating in the Olympics.

"We're not going to be able to interrupt our season. This is a
matter of pragmatism," he said. "I know that we'll do better in
the future, but I also believe that what happened there (against
Mexico) should increase the desire on all parties that we need a
World Cup."