Meadows was ranked 70th on Keith Law's list of the top 100 prospects in baseball entering the season. He will be making his major league debut Friday against the San Diego Padres, batting seventh and playing center field.
The 23-year-old Meadows is hitting .294 (37-for-126) with 10 doubles, 1 home run, 15 RBIs and 20 runs scored this season at Triple-A. He was the ninth overall pick in 2013.
Marte was placed on the 10-day disabled list after he injured his oblique Tuesday night in a win over the Chicago White Sox and sat out the next two games. The DL move is retroactive to Wednesday.
He is hitting .308 with six homers, 19 RBIs and 10 stolen bases for the National League Central-leading Pirates.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.