## Batting Statistics

**#P/PA** -- Pitches seen per plate appearance

**2B** - Doubles

**3B** - Triples

**AB** -- At-bats

**Avg** -- Batting average: H divided by AB

**BB** -- Bases on balls or walks

**BB/K** -- Walks Per Strikeout

**BB/PA** -- Walks Per Plate Appearance

**CI** -- Catcher Interference

**CS** -- Caught stealing

**FB** -- Fly balls hit, excluding home runs

**G** -- Games played

**G/F** -- Ground ball/fly ball ratio. GB divided by FB

**GIDP** -- Grounded into double play

**H** - Hits

**HBP** -- Hit by pitch

**HR** -- Home runs

**IBB** -- Intentional bases on balls

**IsoP** -- Isolated Power: *(Slugging Percentage - Batting Average)*

**LOB** -- Runners left on base

**OBP** -- On-base percentage: *(H + BB + HBP) divided by (AB + BB + HBP + SF)*

**OPS** -- On-base percentage plus slugging percentage. See *OBP*, above, and *SLG*, below, for definitions

**OW%** -- Offensive winning percentage. The theoretical winning percentage of a team comprising nine of the same players (e.g. nine Ken Griffey Jrs.). *1) Figure runs created per 27 outs [Note: Total outs = (AB - H + C + GIDP + SH + SF)]. 2) Divide by league average runs per game. 3) Square the result. 4) Divide that figure by 1 + itself*

**Qualified year-to-date** -- In order to qualify for batting titles in averaged categories (*Avg, Slg, OBP, OPS, RC, OW%, #P/PA, G/F*), a player must average at least 3.1 plate appearances for every game his team has played. Sorting by qualified year-to-date excludes all players not currently on pace to reach that minimum

**R** -- Runs

**RBI** -- Runs batted in

**RC** -- Runs created: *[(H + BB + HBP - CS - GIDP) times (Total bases + .26[BB - IBB + HBP] + .52[SH + SF + SB])] divided by (AB + BB + HBP + SH+ SF)*

**RC27** -- Runs created per 27 outs (Estimates how many runs per game a team made up of nine of the same player would score)

**SB** -- Stolen bases

**SecA** -- Secondary Average (A way to look at a player's extra bases gained, independent of Batting Average): *(TB - H + BB + SB - CS) / AB*

**SF** -- Sacrifice flies

**SH** -- Sacrifice hits

**SLG** -- Slugging percentage: *TB divided by AB*

**SO** -- Strikeouts

**TB** -- Total bases: *Hits + 2B + (3B times 2) + (HR times 3)*

**TPA** -- Total plate appearances: *AB + BB + HBP + SF + SH + times reached on defensive interference*

**WAR** -- Short-hand for wins above replacement. This stat measures the number of wins a player contributes relative to a freely available minor leaguer. OWAR is the offensive compenent and DWAR is the defensive component. The sum of the two is the total WAR. For more on WAR, read this piece from David Schoenfield.

**XBH** -- Extra Base Hits: *2B + 3B + HR*

## Pitching Statistics

**#P/IP** -- Pitches thrown per inning

**#P/GS** -- Pitches thrown per start

**#Pit** -- Pitches thrown

**2B** -- Doubles allowed

**3B** -- Triples allowed

**AGS** -- Average Game Score. See *Game Score*, below

**Avg** -- Batting average allowed

**BB** -- Bases on balls **BIPA** -- Balls In Play Average. Batting Average Against, not including home runs or strikeouts.

**Bk** -- Balks

**BlSv** -- Blown saves. See *SvOp*, below, for definition of a save situation

**CG** -- Complete games

**CS** -- Runners caught stealing

**CW** -- Cheap Wins. Wins in games started that are not *Quality Starts*.

**Dec** -- Decision (Win, loss)

**DIPS ERA** -- A pitcher's ERA, independent of the defense behind him. This formula, based on essays by Voros McCracken, assumes that all pitchers have consistent BIPA *(See Above)*, and adjusts accordingly. The DIPS ratios on ESPN use the DIPS 2.0 formula, are not park-adjusted, and do not adjust for knuckleball pitchers.

**ER** -- Earned runs

**ERA** -- Earned-run average: *(ER times 9) divided by IP*

**ERC** -- Component ERA. A pitcher's ERA based on the hits and walks he allowed, rather than actual runs.

**ERC%** -- Ratio of Component ERA to actual ERA

**FB** -- Fly balls hit against

**G/F** -- Ground ball/fly ball ratio against: *GB divided by FB*

**GB** -- Ground balls hit against

**GIDP** -- Grounded into double plays against

**GF** -- Games finished

**GS** -- Games started

**GSc** -- Game Score. Start with 50 points. Add 1 point for each out recorded, (3 points per inning). Add 2 points for each inning completed after the 4th. Add 1 point for each strikeout. Subtract 2 points for each hit allowed. Subtract 4 points for each earned run allowed. Subtract 2 points for each unearned run allowed. Subtract 1 point for each walk.

**H** -- Hits against

**Hld** -- Holds. Earned when a relief pitcher enters a game in a save situation (see *SvOp*, below, for definition), records at least one out, and leaves the game without having given up the lead

**HR** -- Home runs allowed

**IBB** -- Intentional bases on balls

**IP** -- Innings pitched

**IR ** --Inherited runners. Runners on base when a relief pitcher enters a game

**L** -- Losses

**OBP** -- On-base percentage allowed. See *OBP* in Batting Statistics, above, for definition of OBP

**ORuns** -- Opponents' runs scored (average, per nine innings pitched) while the pitcher of record.

**PFR** -- Power/Finesse Ratio *Strikeouts Plus Walks Divided By Innings Pitched*

**Qualified year-to-date** -- In order to qualify for pitching titles in averaged categories (*ERA, WPct, #P/IP, RS, ORuns, Slg, OBP, Avg, CS%, G/F*), a player must average at least one inning pitched for every game his team has played. Sorting by qualified year-to-date excludes all players not currently on pace to reach that minimum

**QS** -- Quality starts

**R** -- Runs

**RBI** -- Runs batted in allowed

**Rel** -- Relief decision (Save, blown save, hold)

**RS** -- Run support. Team's runs scored (average, per 9 innings pitched) while the pitcher of record

**SB** -- Stolen bases allowed

**SF** -- Sacrifice flies allowed

**SH** -- Sacrifice hits allowed

**ShO** -- Shutouts

**Slg** -- Slugging percentage allowed. See *Slg* in Batting Statistics, above, for definition

**SO** -- Strikeouts

**Sv** -- Saves. Earned when a pitcher finishes a game without having given up the lead after entering in a save situation (see *SvOp*, below, for definition)

**SvOp** -- Save opportunities. When a pitcher 1) enters the game with a lead of three or fewer runs and pitches at least one inning, 2) enters the game with the potential tying run on base, at bat, or on deck, or 3) pitches three or more innings with a lead and is credited with a save by the official scorer

**TBF** -- Total batters faced

**TL** -- Tough Losses. Losses in games started that are *Quality Starts*.

**WHIP** -- Walks plus hits divided by Innings Pitched

**W** -- Wins

**WPct** -- Winning percentage: *Wins divided by (Wins + losses)*

**WP** -- Wild pitches

## Fielding Statistics

**A** -- Assists

**CERA** -- Catcher's earned-run average. Earned-run average of club's pitchers with a particular catcher behind the plate

**CS** -- Runners caught stealing

**CS%** -- Percentage of runners caught stealing

**DP** -- Double plays

**E** -- Errors

**FPct** -- Fielding percentage. *(PO + A) divided by (PO + A + E)*

**G** -- Games played

**GS** -- Games started

**Inn** -- Innings

**PB** -- Passed balls

**PCS** -- Pitchers' caught stealing. Total runners caught stealing when the player who initiates the fielding play is the pitcher

**PO** -- Putouts

**POA** -- Pickoff attempts

**Qualified year-to-date** -- In order to qualify for fielding titles in averaged categories (*FPct., RF, CS%, CERA*), a player must meet the following qualifiers: Catchers must play 1/2 of their team's games; Pitchers must average at least one inning pitched for each of their team's games; Position players must play 2/3 of their team's games. Sorting by qualified year-to-date excludes all players not currently on pace to reach that minimum

**RF** -- Range factor: *(PO + A) divided by 9 innings*

**SBA** -- Stolen bases allowed

**TC** -- Total chances