UFC officials informed ESPN of the 155-pound matchup on Thursday. The bout will take place at UFC Fight Night inside Frank Erwin Center.
Northcutt (9-2) is coming off a three-round decision win over Michel Quinones in November. The 21-year-old has already made six appearances in the UFC, compiling a 4-2 record.
Originally from Katy, Texas, Northcutt's most recent victory was arguably his most impressive to date. It was also his first fight as a member of Team Alpha Male in Sacramento.
Gouti (12-3), 30, of France, has struggled in the UFC. He began his UFC career with three consecutive losses, all of which were finishes.
He recorded his first Octagon win in September, in a first-round TKO over Andrew Holbrook.
A main event has yet to be announced for the UFC Fight Night card in February.