UFC confirmed the fight Wednesday.
Alves' bid to become welterweight champion fell short in July 2009, when he lost a lopsided unanimous decision to titleholder Georges St. Pierre.
Since that loss, Alves (19-8) has struggled to regain his winning form. He is just 2-2 since, but looked good in his most recent outing -- registering a first-round submission against Papy Abedi at UFC 138 in November.
Though Abedi entered the bout unbeaten as a professional, he wasn't expected to present Alves with much of a threat. But that won't be the case with Kampmann.
Kampmann (18-5) proved that he is still a formidable welterweight Nov. 19 with an unanimous decision over once-highly touted Rick Story.
The first round of UFC's flyweight championship tournament is also slated to begin on the March 3 card. Ian McCall takes on Demetrious Johnson, while Joseph Benavidez locks horns with Yasuhiro Urushitani.
Winners of the first-round bouts will fight for the title on a date that is yet to be determined.
Franklin McNeil covers mixed martial arts and boxing for ESPN.com. Follow him on Twitter at www.twitter.com/Franklin_McNeil.