Bogut played 23 minutes, and finished with 12 points, eight rebounds and four blocks in his first action since Nov. 7.
"It's been a long season for me so far, a frustrating season both mentally and physically," he said. "Just to be out there running up and down the court again, and especially getting a win, was very satisfying."
Bogut said he had an "explosiveness" that was lacking in his brief four-game spell earlier this season. He had two dunks, including a running, soaring slam in the second quarter off a pass from Stephen Curry.
"That kind of showed my ankle was feeling pretty good," Bogut said.
"He was great," Warriors coach Mark Jackson said of Bogut. "You can tell we're a different basketball team with him on the floor. He's a weapon on the offensive end with his ability to pass, his ability to defend, rebound, block shots and also make plays. It's great to have him."
Jackson said Bogut "completes us as a team."
To forward David Lee, Bogut's biggest contribution was anchoring the defense.
"I felt like I became a better defender tonight because he's constantly talking to me and constantly rotating to get my back," Lee said.
The No. 1 overall draft pick out of Utah in 2005, Bogut had been limited to just four games this season while recovering from microfracture surgery on his left ankle.
When he was acquired from Milwaukee last season, the 7-foot Bogut was recovering from a broken ankle. The injury caused him to miss the remainder of the season.
He underwent surgery in April and played in four of Golden State's first five games this season before announcing he was taking time off to strengthen his ankle.
Curry called Bogut's return "a huge bonus."
"He showed tonight how he can clog the paint, protect the rim and even make plays on the offensive end," Curry said.
Information from The Associated Press was used in this report.