ORLANDO, Fla. -- White men dominate the leadership positions
in college sports, a new study says, with women and minorities
making only slow progress moving into the top jobs.
Athletic directors, conference commissioners and university
presidents overwhelmingly are white, the study released Wednesday
by the University of Central Florida's Institute for Diversity and
Ethics in Sport found.
"There's a gradual movement toward positive change both in
terms of race and gender, but it's been very slow," Richard
Lapchick, the institute's director, said in an interview with The
Associated Press. "The situation still remains that people who
lead college sports in America are still white, which doesn't
reflect the student athletes on the teams they represent."
All 11 NCAA Division I-A conference commissioners -- who Lapchick
called the most powerful people in college sports -- were white men,
according to the study, which looked at employment data from the
2004-05 academic year for all 1,025 NCAA member institutions,
conferences and NCAA headquarters.
"In all of Division I, excluding the historically black
conferences, all 36 of Division I conference commissioners were
white," the study said. Six were women, four of them leading
sport-specific conferences such as the Northern Pacific Field
Hockey Conference and the American Lacrosse Conference.
Head coaching positions also reflected a big disparity between
whites and blacks.
Basketball was a bright spot of sorts, but even in that sport
25.2 percent of all Division I head coaches were black (an all-time
high), and yet blacks made up 57.8 percent of Division I basketball
With Randy Shannon's recent hiring to head the University of
Miami football team, six of 119 Division I-A head football coaches
are black. In all of Division I, blacks held 6.1 percent of head
coaching positions. On Division I football fields, black players
made up 45.4 percent of the athletes, the study said.
No Latino heads an NCAA Division I-A football team.
Blacks make up 43.7 percent of women's Division I basketball
teams, but only 9.3 percent of those teams are coached by black
women -- even though that number increased 1.6 percentage points in
In Division I-A, 94.1 percent of university presidents whose
colleges are part of the NCAA were white, 3.4 percent were black
and 2.5 percent were Latino, the study said. Fifteen women held
their university's top job, or 12.6 percent, an increase of 1.1
NCAA headquarters received high marks from the study, with 18.8
percent of vice president/chief of staff positions represented by
blacks, and 25 percent represented by women.
The NCAA's vice president for Diversity and Inclusion, Charlotte
Westerhaus, said NCAA headquarters was demonstrating leadership but
there still was progress to be made throughout college sports.
"We want to celebrate the progress but at the same time we want
to acknowledge that we are not where we could be as far as
diversity," Westerhaus said. "The NCAA is doing everything we can
to support our membership in effectuating open and fair hiring