The 28-year-old Rogers was arrested Wednesday afternoon after he refused a Breathalyzer test, police said. Results of a blood test are pending.
Rogers was arraigned Thursday on charges of operating while intoxicated and operating without a valid license. He was ordered held on $50,000 bond and didn't have an attorney on record with the court. A pretrial conference is set for Monday.
Both charges are misdemeanors and each carries a penalty of up to 93 days in jail and/or a $500 fine.
The second overall pick in the 2003 NFL draft served a 30-day jail sentence, with credit for 15 days, earlier this year instead of staying in an intensive counseling program after violating probation in a domestic violence case.
Rogers was found "non-responsive behind the wheel" of a 2003 Mercedes on Wednesday afternoon, authorities said. The car was running and the vehicle was still in gear in a left-turn lane, authorities said.
According to a police report, Rogers did not respond to requests to open the vehicle's locked doors, resulting in fire officials gaining entry through the sunroof to secure the vehicle.
Rogers has struggled with sobriety in recent years. In an interview with ESPN's "Outside The Lines" this summer, he spoke of getting clean and turning his life around.
Information from The Associated Press was used in this report.