Lions general manager Martin Mayhew announced Suh's operation late Wednesday afternoon. He would not say which shoulder would be operated on.
The team says the surgery will take place Monday.
Suh played in Detroit's season finale Sunday against Minnesota. After being picked second in last year's draft, he quickly became a fan favorite and led all NFL rookies with 10 sacks.
Suh says he's having surgery to make sure he's "100 percent healthy" heading into the offseason program. He says he still plans to attend the Pro Bowl in Honolulu on Jan. 30.
Mayhew met with reporters late Wednesday afternoon, shortly after Detroit finished the season 6-10 but on a four-game winning streak.
Peterson was deactivated for Sunday's win over Minnesota despite no apparent injury. He had started 14 games this season and 14 last season for the Lions.
Mayhew didn't give much detail on how Detroit will look to improve this offseason, saying he likes to keep the team's needs in house.
Information from The Associated Press contributed to this report.