|Thursday, January 6
Updated: February 7, 5:46 PM ET
NHL Rules! Glossary of penalties
When a referee assesses a penalty, there are varying degrees of punishment. A penalty can have a duration of two, four, five or 10 minutes.
Minor penalties are erased by an opponent's goal, but major ones are not. For example, a two-minute penalty is a "minor" infraction, while a five-minute penalty is a "major." Match penalties, game misconducts and gross misconducts result in an ejection from the game. A delayed penalty is when the referee waits to stop play for a penalty until the offending team gains possession of puck.
Boarding: Any player who checks an opponent in such a manner that causes the opponent to be thrown violently into the boards (2 minutes,5 or a game misconduct).
Broken Stick: No skater may play with a broken/partial stick with the exception of the goaltender (2).
Butt-ending: Striking an opponent with the top of the shaft of the stick in a jabbing motion (4,5 and GM).
Charging: Skating, jumping or charging violently into an opposing player (2,5).
Checking from behind: Hitting a player on the back part of the body when that player is unable to defend himself (5 and GM).
Clipping: A player who uses his body to hit an opponent across or below the knees. (2,5 and GM).
Cross Checking: A check delivered with both hands on the stick with arms extended at the time of impact (2,4,5 and GM).
Delay of game: Deliberately shooting puck out of rink. Intentionally displacing net. Falling or closing hand on puck outside of crease area. Stalling the start of play (Bench Minor - 2 minutes).
Diving: A player who attempts to draw a penalty by his deliberately falling (2).
Elbowing: Use of an extended elbow to hit opponent (2,5 and GM).
High sticking: Striking opponent with stick above shoulders (2,4,5 and GM).
Holding: Use of hands or arms to impede an opponent's progress (2).
Holding the stick: A player is not permitted to hold an opponent's stick (2).
Hooking: Use of the stick to impede the progress of an opponent (2).
Interference: Impeding progress of an opponent who does not have the puck (2).
Kneeing: Striking an opponent with the knee (2,5 and GM).
Roughing: Excessive pushing or shoving (2,4).
Slashing: Swinging the stick at an opponent, regardless of whether contact is made (2,5 and GM).
Spearing: Stabbing at an opponent with the point of the stick blade regardless of whether contact is made (4,5 and GM).
Tripping: A player who uses his stick or any part of his body to cause an opponent to trip and fall (2).
Unsportsmanlike conduct: A player who challenges or disputes the rulings of an official and abuses the line of respect (2).
Penalty shot: Certain penalties result in a player being allowed to skate in unimpeded on the goalie for a shot. Once the player crosses the blue line, he cannot make any backward movement. The call is under the referee's discretion; it is a judgment call. Penalty shots are awarded when:
1. A defending player deliberately dislodges the net from its moorings during a breakaway.
2. A defending player intentionally dislodges the net from its moorings when the penalty cannot be served in its entirety during regulation time.
3. There is a deliberate and illegal substitution when a penalty cannot be served in its entirety during regulation time.
4. There is a foul from behind on breakaway.
5. A player falls on the puck in the goal crease.
6. A player picks up the puck in the goal crease with his hand.
7. Throwing or shooting of object at puck in defending zone.
8. A player on a breakaway is interfered with by an object shot or thrown by defending team.
9. A player on a breakaway is interfered with by player who has illegally entered game.