Lance Armstrong went on the offensive Wednesday, saying it was
"preposterous" for the director of the Tour de France to suggest
the seven-time champion "fooled" race officials and the sporting
world by doping.
He also took to task the French newspaper that accused him, the
laboratory that released the urine samples in question and any
officials of the Tour and sports ministries involved in putting the
"Where to start?" Armstrong mused during a conference call
from Washington, D.C., when asked what he found most objectionable
about the controversy. "This has been a long, love-hate
relationship between myself and the French."
The French sports daily L'Equipe reported Tuesday that six urine
samples Armstrong provided during his first tour win in 1999 tested
positive for the red blood cell-booster EPO.
On Wednesday, tour director Jean-Marie Leblanc sounded convinced
that Armstrong had been caught.
"For the first time -- and these are no longer rumors, or
insinuations, these are proven scientific facts -- someone has shown
me that in 1999, Armstrong had a banned substance called EPO in his
body," Leblanc told the newspaper.
"The ball is now in his court. Why, how, by whom? He owes
explanations to us and to everyone who follows the Tour. Today,
what L'Equipe revealed shows me that I was fooled. We were all
The Tour did not respond Wednesday to a request by The
Associated Press to interview Leblanc. But Armstrong said he had
talked with him by phone.
"I actually spoke to him for about 30 minutes and he didn't say
any of that stuff to me personally," Armstrong said. "But to say
that I've 'fooled' the fans is preposterous. I've been doing this a
long time. We have not just one year of only 'B' samples; we have
seven years of 'A' and 'B' samples. They've all been negative."
Armstrong questioned the validity of testing samples frozen
seven years ago and how those samples were handled since. He also
charged officials at the suburban Paris laboratory with violating
World Anti-Doping Agency code for failing to safeguard the
anonymity of any remaining 'B' samples it had.
"It doesn't surprise me at all that they have samples. Clearly
they've tested all of my samples since then to the highest degree.
But when I gave those samples," he said, referring to 1999,
"there was not EPO in those samples. I guarantee that."
Armstrong saved his most withering criticism for L'Equipe.
"Obviously, this is great business for them. Unfortunately, I'm
caught in the cross-hairs."
A moment later, he added, "I think they've been planning it for
a while. I think they much would have preferred to have done this
at start of the Tour, or the middle, but for some reason, it was
"At the end of day, I think that's what it's all about ...
"And," he added, "it sells."
L'Equipe, linked to the Tour de France through its parent
company, has often raised questions about Armstrong and doping. On
Tuesday, the banner headline of its four-page report was "The
Armstrong was in Washington for a previously scheduled meeting
with sponsors. He said their support was intact and that he was
considering legal action to discover who leaked the details.
"In the meantime, it would cost a million and a half dollars
and a year of my life. I have a lot better things to do with the
million and a half ... a lot better things I can do with my time.
Ultimately, I have to ask myself that question."
Fellow cyclists came to Armstrong's defense Wednesday.
"Armstrong always told me that he never used doping products,"
five-time winner Eddy Merckx told Le Monde newspaper. "Choosing
between a journalist and Lance's word, I trust Armstrong."
Five-time champion Miguel Indurain said he couldn't understand
why scientists would use samples from the '99 Tour for their tests.
"I feel the news is in bad taste and out of place, given that
it happened six years ago after his first tour victory, and after
he won six more," Indurain wrote in the Spanish sports daily
Marca. "With the little I have to go on, it is difficult to take a
position, but I think at this stage there's no sense in stirring
all this up."
Two anti-doping authorities said urine samples from 1999, if
stored properly, still could produce legitimate EPO test results.
"I believe they may well, if they have been properly stored --
without access to outside people so they cannot be tampered with.
Also in a refrigerator or deep frozen," Arne Ljungqvist, chairman
of the International Olympic Committee's medical commission, said
Wednesday in a phone interview with The Associated Press.
Christiane Ayotte, director of Montreal's anti-doping
laboratory, said EPO can disappear from samples within a few
months. But it cannot be formed in the sample over time if it was
not originally there.
"I have no doubt that if the lab in Paris found EPO, it was
there," she said in an e-mail interview with The Associated Press.
"Let's put it differently, when recombinant [synthetic] EPO is
detected, it is because it's in the sample. Time will decrease the
amount of EPO, not increase or form it."
EPO, formally known as erythropoietin, was on the list of banned
substances when Armstrong won his first Tour, but there was no
effective test to detect the drug, which builds endurance by
boosting the production of oxygen-rich red blood cells.
The allegations took six years to surface because EPO tests on
the 1999 samples were carried out only last year, when scientists
at the national doping test lab opened them up for research to
perfect EPO screening.
L'Equipe's investigation was based on the second set of two
samples. The first set was used up during analysis in 1999; without
it, disciplinary action against Armstrong would be impossible.
French Sports Minister Jean-Francois Lamour said he had doubts
about L'Equipe's report because he had not seen the originals of
some of the documents it cited.
"I do not confirm it," he told RTL radio. But he added: "If
what L'Equipe says is true, I can tell you that it's a serious blow
Jacques de Ceaurriz, the head of France's anti-doping
laboratory, told Europe-1 radio that at least 15 urine samples from
the 1999 Tour had tested positive for EPO. The year before, there
were more than 40 positive samples, he said -- reflecting how
widespread the drug was when riders thought they could not be
The lab said it could not confirm that the positive results
cited in L'Equipe were Armstrong's. It noted that the samples were
anonymous, bearing only a six-digit number to identify the rider,
and could not be matched with any one cyclist.
However, L'Equipe said it was able to confirm the samples were
Armstrong's by matching the cyclist's medical certificates with the
results of positive doping tests bearing the same sample numbers.
Armstrong has insisted throughout his career that he has never
taken drugs to enhance his performance. In his autobiography,
"It's Not About the Bike," he said he was administered EPO during
his chemotherapy treatment to battle cancer.
"It was the only thing that kept me alive," he wrote.