ROME -- Italian investigators have expanded their doping investigation into former Olympic race walk champion Alex Schwazer, looking into an alleged cover-up involving coaches and doctors.
Prosecutors in Schwazer's hometown of Bolzano on Wednesday identified five people who have been placed under investigation. They are Schwazer's former coach Michele Didoni, Italian track federation medical director Giuseppe Fischetto, federation doctor Pierluigi Fiorella, federation secretary Rita Bottiglieri and equestrian athlete Karl Wechselberger.
The five are accused of being aware of Schwazer's doping before he tested positive for EPO and failing to report it.
On Tuesday, authorities raided the offices of Italy's Olympic committee and athletics federation as part of the Bolzano inquiry.
Schwazer was banned by the Italian Olympic Committee, known as CONI, for 3½ years in April. CONI also opened an inquiry Wednesday into the alleged cover-up.
Schwazer, who won the 50-kilometer walk at the 2008 Beijing Games, was excluded from the London Olympics after testing positive for EPO before the games.
Prosecutors now believe coaches and doctors knew that Schwazer was doping long before he tested positive, possibly stretching back to Beijing.
"We need to follow this case and see if it involves merely allegations and controversy or well-founded accusations," said Italy's Sports Minister Josefa Idem, a former Olympic canoe champion. "In Italy, we have a law that punishes not only those who practice doping but also those who aid and cover up those who practice it."
Schwazer failed an out-of-competition test before arriving in London and was removed from Italy's team before competing. He then admitted using the blood-boosting hormone EPO and said he was quitting the sport.
Schwazer has also admitted to consulting with Lance Armstrong's banned sport doctor Michele Ferrari.
Schwazer maintains he was clean at the time of the Beijing Olympics.
He is being investigated by prosecutors in his hometown of Bolzano and in Padua, where an inquiry into Ferrari is based. Rome prosecutors are also conducting an inquiry.
Officials of FIDAL, the Italian track federation, have also come under scrutiny in the case.
Italian financial daily Il Sole 24 printed alleged emails between Fiorella and Schwazer that appear to show knowledge of doping before the athlete was removed from Italy's team.
In a statement after the raids, FIDAL said that it offered judicial authorities full collaboration in the investigation.
Fischetto and Fiorella suspended themselves from the federation on Wednesday. The pair issued a joint statement saying that they have always fought against doping but that they thought it was best to step aside during the investigation.
The International Association of Athletics Federations denied that officials of the world governing body had evidence of Schwazer's doping yet made no effort to stop him from competing in London. The allegations were contained in a New York Times report, which said the IAAF was aware of abnormal blood test results from April 2012.
"The IAAF is aware of and shocked by the accusations," it said in a statement. "The IAAF categorically refutes these claims in the strongest possible terms. The case outlined involved abnormal blood results with respect to an athlete's biological passport and was handled in strict accordance with IAAF rules and those of WADA."