SOCHI, Russia -- The IOC launched a debate Wednesday on the future of Olympic bidding, including the possibility of individual country or joint bids rather than the tradition of choosing a single host city.
IOC president Thomas Bach opened the floor to a wide-ranging discussion on his "Olympic Agenda 2020," his blueprint for the organization and the running of the Games.
The process is aimed at charting a new course for the IOC under Bach, who was elected in September to succeed Jacques Rogge, who served for 12 years.
No final decisions are being taken at the IOC session, or general assembly, in Sochi. Proposals will be formulated after the Games and put up for a vote at a special meeting in Monaco in December.
However, the opening morning of debate provided a sense of the key issues and the general trend of opinion among the 100-plus members.
IOC vice president John Coates said the members should consider whether countries -- rather than cities -- should bid for the Olympics and whether to allow joint bids from different countries or cities.
Under IOC rules, a single city bids to host the Olympics. Joint bids are not permitted.
The possibility of changing the system drew a mostly negative reaction, with members stressing that the Olympics enjoy a special status of taking place in one city.
"One of the unique aspects of the Olympic Games is the unity of time and place," Canadian member Dick Pound said. "It's not an event made in a television studio. It's what happens on the ground. We should be very careful about destroying that."
The view was echoed by Israeli member Alex Gilady.
"If we go to a country, we will lose the Olympic village," he said. "The Olympic village is perhaps the most important uniqueness of the Olympic Games. Maybe it could be done in the Winter Games, but in the summer, if we change the concept from city to country, we may start the end of the Games."
Two athlete members, Australian rower James Tomkins and swimmer Kirsty Coventry of Zimbabwe, also opposed any change. Coventry said athletes would lose the "level of competition" they are used to in a single host city.
Many members spoke in favor of reinstating visits to bid cities in a controlled system paid for and organized by the IOC. Visits were banned in 1999 in the wake of the Salt Lake City bid scandal, which led to the ouster of 10 members for accepting cash, scholarships and other inducements.
Several members said it was impossible to get the full grasp of a bid without seeing the city with their own eyes, rather than through promotional books and videos.
"It's very difficult to look at the mirror and vote for a city you have never seen and never visited," Gilady said. "Videos can make everybody so pretty and so beautiful."
Pound said banning the visits was "the only plausible decision" at the time of the Salt Lake crisis.
"It is time to look at it again," he said. "At least put that back on the table with an open mind."
The lone dissenter was Prince Albert of Monaco.
"I think it's very risky even if it's done in a very organized and controlled fashion," he said. "The costs are significant for the IOC, and it's also a lot of time for the bidding city to organize these visits and make sure everybody gets to see what they want to see. It's a very difficult issue. I think it's very risky to go down that path again."
Members also said the costs of bidding should be reduced, with Coates saying the cost for cities has been put at $70 million. He suggested that the IOC should bear some of the costs, including paying for the technical files produced by the cities.
Members also called for change in the IOC's evaluation process for bid cities. They questioned the usefulness of the technical report produced by the evaluation commission.
"I have a feeling very few people read the report," Norwegian member Gerhard Heiberg said.
Members said the report should be more pointed and give them a better sense of the stronger and weaker candidates. Austin Sealy of Barbados suggested the report should rank the cities.