CHARLOTTE, N.C. -- Kevin Harvick has received a crash course on privacy laws, learned how long different drugs stay in the system, and tested the drivers and crew chiefs on the teams he owns.
A month after the startling admission by former Craftsman Truck Series driver Aaron Fike that he used heroin on the day of races, Harvick has jumped ahead of NASCAR by requiring the drivers and crews on his Nationwide and Craftsman Truck Series teams to submit to drug tests.
"This is a very clean environment," said Harvick, who is a Sprint Cup driver for Richard Childress Racing. "But we have these incidents happen, as we did with Fike. We need all that to go away."
Fike was never caught in NASCAR's substance-abuse program, but was suspended after he was arrested last year and charged with possession of heroin and drug paraphernalia. He told ESPN The Magazine last month that he used heroin the same day he drove in races.
Shocked that Fike fell through the cracks of NASCAR's drug policy, Harvick immediately thought of the dangers presented by a driver on the track under the influence. Harvick was once in a race with Fike.
"Running into a wall at 200 mph and putting 42 other drivers at risk is a much bigger consequence than not being able to hit a baseball," said Harvick, who drives the No. 29 Chevrolet for RCR. "The responsibility needs to be put in everybody's hands, whether it needs to be put in NASCAR's hands, the team owners' hands, the drivers' hands."
So Harvick and his wife, DeLana, who own a Nationwide Series car and two trucks in the Craftsman Truck Series, scrambled to put together a drug-testing program. Kevin Harvick Inc. drivers Ron Hornaday, Jack Sprague, Cale Gale and their crew chiefs all have submitted to drug tests in the past month.
"Just knowing that these guys that build these cars and trucks are clean just makes me feel that much safer," Hornaday said. "It would be good to see everybody follow KHI's lead and do the same."
NASCAR's drug policy allows tests at any time, but is based on "reasonable suspicion." NASCAR won't reveal how often tests have been administered.
Hmiel was banned for life after three failed tests.
"The policy is perhaps the broadest and the one with the quickest trigger in all of sports," NASCAR spokesman Ramsey Poston said. "It prohibits the misuse or abuse of any drug and essentially provides NASCAR the latitude to test anyone anywhere at anytime. And that serves the sport real well. The question now is, is there more that can be done to test in a different manner, or even more often?"
Harvick suggests any driver involved in a wreck who is taken to the infield care center should be required to take a drug test.
"You can make it happen randomly on its own with the drivers and you cover all those figures every time you go into the infield care center," Harvick said. "And it literally takes 30 seconds."
Harvick also wants NASCAR to require anyone wanting a season credential -- known as a "hard card" -- at the beginning of the season to pass a drug test. The Indy Racing League implemented a similar policy before this season.
"We've always had the right to test at a moment's notice, but the drivers signed a release this year when they went through their physicals, then were tested," IRL spokesman John Griffin said. "That gives us a baseline on everybody. And we have hired an agency that will come in and do the testing for us and do the whole process from A to Z."
NASCAR is revisiting its drug testing policy, but Poston wouldn't discuss specifics or Harvick's suggestions.
"The Aaron Fike case is one you don't want to hear, particularly when you're policing the sport, you're testing a lot of guys and then you see something like this happens," Poston said. "While reviewing and looking over the policy is something we do on an ongoing basis, that gives you even more resolve to dig deeper."
Harvick said he's gotten positive responses from other car owners, and believes many will follow his lead and implement drug testing.
"I'm 99 percent sure that everybody in the Cup garage is clean," Harvick said. "I just want the perception to be known of how the drug testing is done, when it's done. We obviously are known as a drug-free environment at my company."