Johnson's win makes him unique; Spieth misses history test

Zach Johnson made history but Jordan Spieth did not Monday as The Open -- already extended to a fifth day because of weather delays -- had to go to a playoff to determine a winner.

ESPN Stats & Information takes a look at the key numbers from golf’s third major of the calendar year.

Johnson won a three-way playoff to secure his second major title. He became the sixth player to win the Masters and an Open at St. Andrews in his career, and he is the only golfer to make those two venues (Augusta National and St. Andrews) the sites of his first two major wins.

Johnson birdied the 72nd hole to get to 15 under par for the tournament. He played the 18th hole in 4 under during the tournament, compared with a cumulative 3 over on the 17th.

Johnson fared far better at St. Andrews this year than he did in 2010, when he tied for 76th. Not only was he 23 shots better this time, but his final-round 66 was his best career final round in a major.

Spieth 1 shot from playoff

Spieth was in position to become the first golfer since Ben Hogan in 1953 (and the second ever) to win the Masters, the U.S. Open and The Open in the same year.

Spieth was at 15 under before he bogeyed the 17th hole for the third time this week and missed the playoff by 1 shot.

Spieth tied for 36th in putting at The Open. He had six three-putts.

Spieth’s result was reminiscent of the outcomes for Arnold Palmer in 1960 and Jack Nicklaus in 1972, with each coming to The Open looking for a third consecutive major victory and missing by 1 shot.

Spieth played the Masters (18 under), the U.S. Open (5 under) and The Open (14 under) in a combined 37 under par this year -- best of any golfer, the Elias Sports Bureau says. Two golfers had played those three events at 35 under or better in one year: Nick Faldo (35 under in 1990) and Tiger Woods (35 under in 2000).

Spieth had nine holes of bogey or worse at The Open, and he followed six of them with a birdie on the hole immediately after. In Round 3, he followed his only bogey with three birdies and played his remaining holes in 4 under (four birdies, zero bogeys).

Oosthuizen and Leishman fall short in playoff

Louis Oosthuizen and Marc Leishman made the playoff but couldn’t keep pace with Johnson, with Oosthuizen losing by 1 shot and Leishman by 3. It was Oosthuizen’s second playoff loss in a major (2013 Masters).

Oosthuizen is the only golfer in the modern era to finish runner-up by 1 stroke or in a playoff in back-to-back majors in a calendar year.

Oosthuizen is 26 under par combined in majors since the second round of the U.S. Open at Chambers Bay, the best of any player. The last time The Open was at St. Andrews, in 2010, Oosthuizen won with a 16-under score. This year, he shot 15 under and became the only player other than Woods to finish at least 15 under par multiple times in one major tournament.

Leishman was tied for 50th after 36 holes. Had he won, he would have been the first major winner with the worst 36-hole position in history.

He recorded a total of 130 over his final 36 holes, matching The Open record. Leishman had two bogeys in the last 45 holes of regulation. He had two in the four-hole playoff.

Odds and ends

Jordan Niebrugge tied for sixth with an 11-under 277, the lowest 72-hole score by an amateur in Open history.

Ashley Chesters and Ollie Schniederjans each shot 279 and also bettered The Open's amateur record of 281, held by Woods (1996) and Iain Pyman (1993).

This is the fourth time in the past five years that The Open winner has been at least 39 years old. No other major has had a winner older than 36 in that span.

All three players made bogey on the 17th in the playoff. The 17th played +0.655 strokes over par at The Open. It was the hardest hole on the PGA Tour this season.