Phelps in pursuit of historic medal haul

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Michael Phelps and Ryan Lochte will go head-to-head twice in the pool at the 2012 London Olympics.The swimming events at the 2012 London Olympics kick off on Saturday morning, beginning with one of the most highly anticipated races of the entire schedule, the men’s 400-meter individual medley.

The 400m IM will be the first of two head-to-head races between Michael Phelps and Ryan Lochte in London (the other is the 200m IM). Lochte is the reigning world champion in the event and beat Phelps at last month’s U.S. trials, but Phelps owns the world record, which he set at the 2008 Beijing Olympics.

Michael Phelps

Phelps will swim seven events in London (200m and 400m IM, 100m and 200m butterfly, 3 relays), looking to add to his Olympic record of 14 gold medals and his total of 16 Olympic medals. He needs three medals to pass Russian gymnast Larisa Latynina as the most-decorated Olympian ever.

Most Career Olympic Medals

Phelps also has a chance to become the first man to win an Olympic swimming event three times. He has already won two golds in the 400m and 200m individual medleys and the 200m and 100m butterflies, and will be competing in each of those events in London.

Ryan Lochte

Lochte is Phelps’ biggest rival and has arguably surpassed him as the world’s best swimmer since the 2008 Beijing Olympics. His ascent began in 2010 at the Pan-Pacific Championships, where he went a perfect 6-for-6, winning one more event there than Phelps.

He then won four individual golds and one relay gold at the 2011 World Championships, setting the world record in the 200m IM. It was the first long-course record set since high-tech suits were banned in 2010. Lochte has qualified for five events in London (200m backstroke, 200m and 400m IM, 200m freestyle, 4x200m freestyle relay).

Most Swimming Medals Won
At Single Olympics

Missy Franklin

The biggest name on the women’s swimming team is 17-year-old phenom Missy Franklin, who became the first American woman to qualify for seven swimming events (100m and 200m backstroke, 100m and 200m freestyle, three relays).

She is trying to become the first female swimmer to win seven medals at an Olympics. The only female athlete to win seven medals in a single Olympics was Soviet gymnast Mariya Horokhovska in 1952.

Franklin certainly has the pedigree to rewrite the record books. She won five medals, including one individual gold in the 200m backstroke and two relay golds, at the 2011 World Championships at the age of 16. Later in 2011 she set the 200m backstroke short-course world record at a FINA World Cup meet in Berlin.

Rebecca Soni

Another American name to know in the pool is Rebecca Soni, who has qualified for the 100m and 200m breaststroke, along with the 4x100m medley relay. Soni won gold in the 200m breaststroke, and took silver in both the 100m breaststroke and 4x100m medley relay at the Beijing Olympics.

If she gets gold again at 200 meters, she would be the first woman to win two Olympic golds in the 200m breaststroke. She also could become the second woman to sweep the three breaststroke events, joining South Africa’s Penny Heyns in 1996.