It marks the second such charge for Smith, a senior from Atlanta who was arrested in August 2013 and subsequently suspended for the opening game that season.
Smith is expected to compete for a starting spot at safety this season with both starters from last year's squad gone.
Smith started six games and finished fifth on the team in tackles (56) last season. He's started a total of eight games in his career at Alabama, dating back to his freshman year when he was in the starting lineup for Alabama's SEC Championship Game victory over Georgia.
Alabama is expected to hold its fifth practice of the spring Saturday afternoon. A-Day, the final scrimmage of spring, is set for April 18.