Buckeyes coach Ryan Day told Fox before the game that the team hopes to get Wilson back for next week's home game against Purdue.
Wilson recorded seven receptions for 82 yards last week against Penn State and did not appear to have any injury during the game.
Day said sophomore Julian Fleming and freshman Marvin Harrison Jr. would get increased playing time in place of Wilson, who leads Ohio State in receptions (43) and receiving yards (687) and ranks second behind Chris Olave in touchdown catches (6). But it was Jaxon Smith-Njigba who enjoyed a breakout performance, finishing with a school-record 15 catches for 240 yards and a touchdown.
Wilson posted a message to Twitter saying he's "all good" and thanking people for wishing him well.
The junior from Austin, Texas, has 116 career receptions for 1,842 yards and 17 touchdowns during his three seasons with Ohio State.