The image appeared as part of a trivia question about Hitler's place of birth.
Michigan State later issued a statement on the videoboard, saying the school uses a third party for the content and will no longer be using that company.
"We are deeply sorry for the content that was displayed, as this is not representative of our institutional values," Michigan State associate athletic director Matt Larson said in a statement. "MSU will not be using the third-party source going forward and will implement stronger screening and approval procedures for all videoboard content in the future."
No other quizzes were displayed on the videoboard during the game, which the Wolverines won 49-0.