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World Series Timeline (1903-25)

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1903
Boston (AL) 5, Pittsburgh (NL) 3

Why the Americans won: Bill Dinneen won three of his four starts and Boston rapped out 16 triples.

Why the Pirates lost: Deacon Phillippe started five games, but lost the final two games.

Memorable moment: Boston's Patsy Dougherty hits two home run in Game 2.

Key stat: .222. The batting average for Pittsburgh star Honus Wagner, who scored two runs in eight games.


1905
New York (NL) 4, Philadelphia (AL) 1

Why the Giants won: Christy Mathewson delivered one of the great World Series performances, throwing three shutouts in six days.

Why the Athletics lost: They hit .155 and scored just three runs in the five games.

Memorable moment: John McGraw's Giants unveil all-black uniforms for the Series.

Key stat: 14. The number of baserunners allowed by Mathewson on just 13 hits and one walk in 27 innings. Only one runner reached third base.


1906
Chicago (AL) 4, Chicago (NL) 2

Why the White Sox won: The Hitless Wonders pulled off one of the biggest upsets in World Series history by pounding out 26 hits the final two games (after getting just 11 in the first four).

Why the Cubs lost: The Cubs hit just .196, including an 0-for-21 effort from outfielder Jimmy Sheckard.

Memorable moment: Frank Isbell's four doubles in Game 5 helped the Sox overcome six errors.

Key stat: 6. The number of games played by White Sox backup infielder George Rohe, who hit .333.


1907
Chicago (NL) 4, Detroit (AL) 0

Why the Cubs won: They held the Tigers to just three runs in winning the final four games after the opener ended in a 12-inning tie.

Why the Tigers lost: Young star Ty Cobb, fresh off his first batting title, hit .200 without an RBI.

Memorable moment: The Tigers had the first game won but catcher Charlie Schmidt dropped a two-out third strike in the ninth that led to a game-tying rally.

Key stat: 15. The number of steals for the Cubs, who went wild on the bases, in addition to holding the Tigers to a .218 batting average.


1908
Chicago (NL) 4, Detroit (AL) 1

Why the Cubs won: Orval Overall tossed two complete games, allowing one run total, and the Cubs hit .293.

Why the Tigers lost: Once again, Detroit bats failed to show up, as they hit just .209.

Memorable moment: The final game in Detroit set an all-time World Series record for smallest attendance -- 6,210 -- and also marks the last title for the Cubs.

Key stat: .421. The batting average of Cubs player-manager Frank Chance, who also stole five bases.


1909
Pittsburgh (NL) 4, Detroit (AL) 3

Why the Pirates won: Rookie Babe Adams was the team's surprise Game 1 starter and ended up throwing three complete-game wins.

Why the Tigers lost: Detroit stars Ty Cobb and Sam Crawford combined for nine RBIs, but hit just .241.

Memorable moment: "I'll never forget the look on Adams' face when I told him I wanted him to pitch the opener," said Pirates manager Fred Clarke.

Key stat: .311. The difference in OPS between Pirates star Honus Wagner (.967) and Cobb (.656). Wagner hit .333 with six steals.


1910
Philadelphia (AL) 4, Chicago (NL) 1

Why the Athletics won: With Eddie Plank sidelined, Connie Mack used just two pitchers, with Jack Coombs throwing complete-game wins in Games 2, 3 and 5.

Why the Cubs lost: Three-Finger Brown couldn't stop the A's, giving up 23 hits and 16 runs in 18 innings.

Memorable moment: On the train to Chicago, Mack stunned reporters by saying Coombs would pitch again in Game 3.

Key stat: .322. The Athletics' team batting average, with outfielder Danny Murphy hitting .400 and driving in nine runs, and Hall of Famer Eddie Collins hitting .429.


1911
Philadelphia (AL) 4, New York (NL) 2

Why the Athletics won: Frank Baker hit two big home runs -- a monumental feat in 1911 that earned the nickname "Home Run" -- and Chief Bender, Jack Coombs and Eddie Plank held the Giants to 13 runs.

Why the Giants lost: They led the NL with a .279 average during the regular season, but hit just .175, including Red Murray's 0-for-21 effort.

Memorable moment: Baker, whose 11 home runs led the AL, hit a two-run shot off Rube Marquard in Game 2 and then a game-tying blast in the ninth off Christy Mathewson in Game 3.

Key stat: 11. The number of hits Bender allowed in winning Game 4 and Game 6 (on one day's rest).


1912
Boston (AL) 4, New York (NL) 3

Why the Red Sox won: The Giants outscored the Red Sox by six runs, but Boston won its four games by a total of five runs.

Why the Giants lost: Ace Christy Mathewson allowed just three earned runs (11 overall) in three starts, but went 0-2.

Memorable moment: Game 8 was one of the greatest in World Series history. The Giants scored in the top of the 10th, but Fred Snodgrass' dropped fly ball led to two Boston runs.

Key stat: 3. The number of games won by "Smoky" Joe Wood, Boston's 34-game winner, including Game 8 in relief.


1913
Philadelphia (AL) 4, New York (NL) 1

Why the Athletics won: Hall of Famers Frank "Home Run" Baker and Eddie Collins hit .450 and .421, respectively.

Why the Giants lost: The Giants hit just .201 to lose for the third straight season.

Memorable moment: Eddie Plank spun a masterful two-hitter in the clinching game.

Key stat: 0.95. The identical Series ERAs of Game 5 starters Plank and Christy Mathewson, with Plank outpitching Mathewson to win the championship.


1914
Boston (NL) 4, Philadelphia (AL) 0

Why the Braves won: Destiny. In last place in July, the Braves won 61 of their final 77 games, and then held the heavily favored A's to a .172 average.

Why the Athletics lost: Some contend that the A's, angry at penny-pinching owner/manager Connie Mack, didn't give their all. Perhaps suspicious, Mack broke up the team.

Memorable moment: The Braves won Game 3 in 12 innings when a sacrifice bunt was thrown away.

Key stat: .545. The batting average of Braves catcher Hank Gowdy, who had five extra-base hits, including a big home run in Game 3.


1915
Boston (AL) 4, Philadelphia (NL) 1

Why the Red Sox won: The outfield duo of Duffy Lewis and Harry Hooper combined for 15 hits, three home runs and eight RBIs.

Why the Phillies lost: No hitting -- they had a .182 average and scored just 10 runs.

Memorable moment: Phillies owner William Baker added 400 seats in right field for Game 5. Hooper hit two balls that bounced into those temporary seats, ground-rule doubles now but home runs then (including the game-winner in the ninth).

Key stat: 12. The number of hits allowed by Rube Foster, who won both his starts for Boston.


1916
Boston (AL) 4, Brooklyn (NL) 1

Why the Red Sox won: Boston's deep rotation (Ernie Shore, Dutch Leonard, Babe Ruth and Carl Mays) once again proved too tough for its opponent as the Red Sox took their second straight World Series.

Why the Robins lost: Casey Stengel hit .364, but the team hit just .200 overall and star Zack Wheat drove in just one run.

Memorable moment: Ruth, then a young 21-year-old left-hander, pitched all 14 innings in Boston's Game 2 victory.

Key stat: 13. The number of consecutive scoreless innings for Ruth in Game 2 after allowing Hy Myers' inside-the-park homer in the first inning. It began a then-record of 29 2/3 scoreless frames.


1917
Chicago (AL) 4, New York (NL) 2

Why the White Sox won: Red Faber won three games, including Game 5 in relief and Game 6 with a complete game.

Why the Giants lost: John McGraw's team lost for the fourth straight time in the World Series, with two errors in Game 6 leading to three unearned runs.

Memorable moment: Giants third baseman Heinie Zimmerman "chased" Eddie Collins across the plate in a botched rundown play in Game 6.

Key stat: .409. The batting average for Collins, the Hall of Famer who surpassed .400 for the third time in a World Series.


1918
Boston (AL) 4, Chicago (NL) 2

Why the Red Sox won: With the Series moved up to early September due to World War I, Boston's pitching helped the Sox overcome a .186 team average.

Why the Cubs lost: You can't blame the pitching -- the Cubs lost despite allowing just nine runs in six games.

Memorable moment: After pitching a shutout in Game 1, Babe Ruth's two-run triple was the key blow as he won Game 4 as well.

Key stat: 4. The number of World Series the Red Sox both appeared in and won during the decade.


1919
Cincinnati (NL) 5, Chicago (AL) 3

Why the Reds won: Hey, they were a good team -- they actually won 96 games compared to Chicago's 88 during the regular season.

Why the White Sox lost: Well ... taking money from gamblers, not trying their best and throwing a few games didn't help.

Memorable moment: Eddie Cicotte hit Morrie Rath leading off the bottom of the first of Game 1. The fix was on.

Key stat: .375. The batting average of Shoeless Joe Jackson, although he let up in key situations. He was one of eight Black Sox banned from baseball after the scandal broke at the end of the 1920 season.


1920
Cleveland (AL) 5, Brooklyn (NL) 2

Why the Indians won: Cleveland overcame the death of star shortstop Ray Chapman in August as Stan Coveleski won all three of his starts, allowing just two runs.

Why the Robins lost: They went scoreless over the final 18 innings and scored only two runs over the final four games and one run over the final three.

Memorable moment: Game 5 featured the only triple play in World Series history (unassisted by Bill Wambsganss), the first grand slam (Elmer Smith) and the first home run by a pitcher (Jim Bagby).

Key stat: 0. The number of times the lead changed hands in any of the seven games.


1921
New York (NL) 5, New York (AL) 3

Why the Giants won: Jesse Barnes pitched 16.1 innings in relief and won two games, while Art Nehf pitched a shutout in Game 8.

Why the Yankees lost: Babe Ruth made his first World Series in pinstripes but he wrenched his knee and missed the final three games (other than a pinch-hit appearance).

Memorable moment: The final game ended on a double play when Aaron Ward was gunned down at third base, trying to advance from first on a groundout.

Key stat: 2. The number of unearned runs allowed by Waite Hoyt in three starts for the Yankees; unfortunately, one of those came in the first inning of Game 8.


1922
New York (NL) 4, New York (AL) 0

Why the Giants won: In John McGraw's third and final World Series victory, the Giants held the Yankees to 18 hits over the final three games.

Why the Yankees lost: Babe Ruth hit just .118 (2-for-17) as the Yankees hit .203 as a team.

Memorable moment: Game 2 was a controversial tie, with fans livid that the game was called while there was still enough daylight. Commissioner Kenesaw Landis ordered the gate receipts turned over to a World War I charity.

Key stat: .472. The combined batting average of both Heinie Groh (9-for-19) and Frankie Frisch (8-for-17), the Giants' No. 2 and No. 3 hitters.


1923
New York (AL) 4, New York (NL) 2

Why the Yankees won: After sharing the Polo Grounds with the Giants since 1913, the Yankees moved into their new cathedral and won their first Series with a five-run rally in the eighth inning of Game 6.

Why the Giants lost: Dave Bancroft, a .304 hitter during the season, went 2-for-24 and first baseman George Kelly drove in just one run.

Memorable moment: Casey Stengel hit game-winning homers for the Giants in Games 1 (top of the ninth) and 3 (seventh inning).

Key stat: 1.556. The OPS of Babe Ruth, who hit .368 with three homers, a double, a triple and eight walks in his first great World Series performance. "The Ruth is mighty and shall prevail," Heywood Broun famously wrote.


1924
Washington (AL) 4, New York (NL) 3

Why the Senators won: In their only World Series win in Washington, the Senators won a classic 12-inning Game 7.

Why the Giants lost: The Giants led 3-1 in the eighth inning, when Bucky Harris' grounder hit a pebble and bounded over the head of third baseman Fred Lindstrom, allowing two runs to score to tie the game.

Memorable moment: Legendary Walter Johnson, who had lost twice, then entered in relief in the ninth and shut down the Giants for four innings to get the win.

Key stat: E2. A dropped foul pop by Giants catcher Hank Gowdy in the 12th inning of Game 7 led to the winning run.


1925
Pittsburgh (NL) 4, Washington (AL) 3

Why the Pirates won: One of five teams to be down 3-1 in a best-of-7 and win, the Pirates lashed out 15 hits off Walter Johnson in Game 7.

Why the Senators lost: Game 7 featured fog and a steady downpour, with manager Bucky Harris receiving criticism for leaving in Johnson to allow five runs in the final two innings.

Memorable moment: In Game 3, Washington's Sam Rice made a diving catch and plunged into the temporary stands, emerging 15 seconds later with the ball. It was controversially ruled a catch.

Key stat: 8. The number of errors made by Senators shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh -- the AL MVP in 1925 -- including two in the late innings of Game 7.