Manager Dusty Baker said Altuve will probably miss the opener of a four-game series Thursday night at Baltimore but could be ready to return Friday.
"He's going to be sore," Baker said. "It got him below the pad, right on the elbow. Anybody who's ever hit in their elbow knows how much that can hurt."
Altuve finished 1-for-2. He is batting .295 with 25 homers and 53 RBIs this season.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.