No player will be called up to take his place on the U.S. roster.
Adams, a RB Leipzig midfielder, played the full match in the U.S.'s 1-0 friendly defeat Ecuador on Thursday as a right-back.
Meanwhile, goalkeeper Jesse Gonzalez, who did not play in the game, will travel back to Dallas for FC Dallas' matchup against the Colorado Rapids on Saturday before rejoining the national team in Houston where they will face Chile.
The U.S. also announced that Weston McKennie, who injured his ankle in the win over Ecuador, will remain with the team to receive further evaluation.
U.S.'s remaining roster:
Defenders: John Brooks (Wolfsburg/GER; 37/3), Omar Gonzalez (Atlas/MEX; 48/3), Nick Lima (San Jose Earthquakes; 2/0), Aaron Long (New York Red Bulls; 5/0), Daniel Lovitz (Montreal Impact/CAN; 2/0), Matt Miazga (Reading/ENG; 11/1), Tim Ream (Fulham/ENG; 27/1), DeAndre Yedlin (Newcastle United/ENG; 58/0)
Midfielders: Michael Bradley (Toronto FC/CAN; 144/17), Sebastian Lletget (LA Galaxy; 8/2), Weston McKennie (Schalke/GER; 8/1), Christian Pulisic (Borussia Dortmund/GER; 24/9), Cristian Roldan (Seattle Sounders FC; 8/0), Wil Trapp (Columbus Crew SC; 14/0)
Forwards: Paul Arriola (D.C. United; 20/3), Corey Baird (Real Salt Lake; 2/0), Jonathan Lewis (New York City FC; 3/0), Jordan Morris (Seattle Sounders FC; 26/5), Christian Ramirez (LAFC; 2/1), Gyasi Zardes (Columbus Crew SC; 43/7)