Floyd Patterson, an undersized champion who avenged an embarrassing loss to Ingemar Johansson by beating him a year later to become the first boxer to regain the heavyweight title, died Thursday. He was 71.
Patterson died at his home in New Paltz, N.Y. He had Alzheimer's disease for about eight years and prostate cancer, nephew Sherman Patterson said.
The International Boxing Hall of Fame in Canastota, N.Y., will fly its flags at half-staff in memory of Patterson.
"Floyd Patterson was an icon, a true gentleman and a great representative of the sport of boxing," Hall of Fame executive director Edward Brophy said. "He will be missed."
Patterson was elected to the Hall of Fame in 1991.
"For this profoundly saddening news, the WBC has decreed a World Mourning Day within the international boxing community, which has undoubtedly lost one of its greatest figures," WBC president Jose Sulaiman said Thursday.
"I remember him with great affection, and we were great friends. I had the opportunity to treat him personally on several occasions and knew of his rectitude and spirit of service, particularly when he was appointed chairman of the New York Athletic Commission.
"On one occasion he went to South Africa, and he was going to visit that country again, but because of the apartheid regime prevailing by that time, the WBC convinced him not to go. Aware of the fact that his travelling to South Africa would mean a betrayal of his race, he did not go. ... He was a great human being and athlete, and had a loving family. Boxing has lost, without a doubt, one of its most distinguished and unforgettable champions."
Patterson's career was marked by historic highs and humiliating lows. He won the title twice but took a beating from Muhammad Ali in a title fight and was knocked out twice in the first round by Sonny Liston.
Patterson, who weighed only 189 pounds for the first fight, was a tenacious boxer who often fought bigger opponents -- and almost as often found himself on the canvas. He was down a total of 19 times in his career, getting up 17 of them.
"They said I was the fighter who got knocked down the most, but I also got up the most," Patterson once said.
Following the first knockout to Liston, Patterson was so embarrassed he wore a disguise. The two fought a rematch only 10 months later in Las Vegas, in 1963, and Patterson fared even worse.
Liston dropped him to the canvas three times before the fight was halted at 2:09 of the first round.
Patterson emerged from a troubled childhood in Brooklyn to win the Olympic middleweight championship in 1952.
In 1956, the undersized heavyweight became, at age 21, the youngest man to win the title with a fifth-round knockout of Archie Moore.
But three years later, Patterson was knocked down seven times in the third round in losing the title to Johansson at the Polo Grounds in New York City.
Patterson returned with a vengeance at the same site in 1960, knocking out Johansson with a tremendous left hook to retake the title.
Despite his accomplishment, he was so humiliated when he lost the title on a first-round knockout to Liston in 1962 that he left Comiskey Park in Chicago wearing dark glasses and a fake beard. Patterson was again knocked out in the first round by Liston in 1963.
Patterson got two more shots at winning the title a third time. Battered and taunted for most of the fight by Ali, Patterson was stopped in the 12th round in 1965. He lost a disputed 15-round decision to WBA champion Jimmy Ellis in 1968.
Overall, Patterson finished 55-8-1 with 40 knockouts. He was knocked out five times and knocked down a total of at least 15 times. He was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1991.
After retiring in 1972, Patterson remained close to the sport. He served twice as chairman of the New York State Athletic Commission.
His second term began when he was picked in 1995 by Gov. George Pataki to help rebuild boxing in New York.
On April 1, 1998, Patterson resigned the post after a published report said a three-hour videotape of a deposition he gave in a lawsuit revealed he couldn't recall important events in his boxing career.
Patterson said he was very tired during the deposition and "It's hard for me to think when I'm tired."
Patterson, one of 11 children, was in enough trouble as a youngster to be sent to the Wiltwyck School for Boys. After being released, he took up boxing, won a New York Golden Gloves championship and then the Olympic gold medal in the 165-pound class at Helsinki, Finland.
"If it wasn't for boxing, I would probably be behind bars or dead," he said in a 1998 interview.
He turned pro in 1952 under the management of Cus D'Amato, who in the 1980s would develop another heavyweight champion, Mike Tyson. Patterson fought as a light heavyweight until becoming a heavyweight in 1956.
After regaining the title, Patterson was on the verge of losing it again when he was knocked down twice by Johansson in the first round in 1961. But Patterson knocked down Johansson before the round was over and then won on a sixth-round knockout.
He made a successful defense but then lost the title to Liston in a fight a lot of people didn't want him to take. In fact, taking the match caused a split between Patterson and D'Amato.
Patterson said in 1997 that another person who didn't want him to fight Liston was President Kennedy.
"I'm sorry, Mr. President," Patterson said he told Kennedy. "The title is not worth anything if the best fighters can't have a shot at it. And Liston deserves a shot."
Patterson retired after been stopped by Ali in the seventh round of a non-title match in 1972 at Madison Square Garden.
Patterson and his second wife, Janet, lived on a farm near New Paltz. After leaving the athletic commission, Patterson counseled troubled children for the New York State Office of Children and Family Services.
He also adopted Tracy Harris two years after the 11-year-old boy began hanging around the gym at Patterson's home. In 1992, Tracy Harris Patterson, with his father's help, won the WBC super bantamweight championship.
Funeral services will be private.
Information from the Associated Press and ESPN.com boxing writer Dan Rafael was used in this report.