BRISBANE, Australia -- Novak Djokovic's chance to play for a 10th Australian Open title was thrown into limbo Thursday when the country denied him entry and canceled his visa because he failed to meet the requirements for an exemption to COVID-19 vaccination rules.
The top-ranked Djokovic announced on social media Tuesday that he had "exemption permission'' and landed in Australia late Wednesday after receiving a medical exemption from the Victoria state government that was expected to shield him from the strict vaccination regulations in place for this year's first major tennis tournament.
But border authorities did not accept the exemption. The Australian Border Force issued a statement saying Djokovic failed to meet entry requirements.
"The rule is very clear,'' Prime Minister Scott Morrison told a news conference Thursday. "You need to have a medical exemption. He didn't have a valid medical exemption. We make the call at the border, and that's where it's enforced.''
Djokovic's lawyers launched a challenge in Australia's Federal Circuit Court against the cancellation of his visa but his hearing has been adjourned until Monday.
Health Minister Greg Hunt said the visa cancellation followed a review of Djokovic's medical exemption by border officials who looked "at the integrity and the evidence behind it.''
The president of Djokovic's native Serbia blasted the "harassment'' of the star, who was detained overnight at Melbourne Tullamarine Airport. The 20-time major winner had to wait more than eight hours at the airport to find out if he would be allowed into the country. He was later moved to a secure hotel near downtown Melbourne which is controlled by immigration officials.
Nick Wood, a lawyer for Djokovic, told the judge that Tennis Australia had advised they needed to know about his participation in the tournament by Tuesday. In response, Kelly said "the tail won't be wagging the dog here."
The Australian Open begins Jan. 17.
According to the Australian Broadcasting Corp., Kelly asked during the brief hearing if Djokovic had "tennis practicing facilities" in the hotel where he was detained, and if not, whether he could be moved to one that did.
In a Twitter post Thursday, Morrison wrote, "No one is above these rules. Our strong border policies have been critical to Australia having one of the lowest death rates in the world from COVID, we are continuing to be vigilant.''
Responding later to questions about confusion over the differing state and federal requirements, Morrison said it was up to individual travelers to have correct documentation on arrival.
The prime minister rejected the suggestion that Djokovic was being singled out, but he acknowledged that other players might be in Australia on the same type of medical exemption.
"One of the things the Border Force does is they act on intelligence to direct their attention to potential arrivals,'' he said. "When you get people making public statements about what they say they have, and they're going to do, they draw significant attention to themselves.''
Anyone who does that "whether they're a celebrity, a politician, a tennis player ... they can expect to be asked questions more than others before you come.''
The medical exemptions, vetted by two independent panels of experts and based on information supplied anonymously by players and taken on face value, had been designed to allow Djokovic to play in the Australian Open, regardless of his vaccination status for COVID-19.
He has spoken out against vaccines in the past and has steadfastly refused to acknowledge whether he received any shots against the coronavirus.
His father, Srdjan Djokovic, told the B92 internet portal that his son was held at the airport "in a room which no one can enter'' and guarded by two police officers.
Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic said on Instagram that he spoke to Djokovic while he was being held at the airport, prior to the ruling that his visa had been revoked. Vucic said Serbian authorities were taking measures "so the harassment of the best tennis player in the world be stopped in the shortest possible time."
Morrison said he was aware that "representations have been made" by the Serbian embassy in Canberra and denied the claims of harassment.
"Australia has sovereign borders and clear rules that are non-discriminatory," Morrison said.
Serbian media reported that Vucic had summoned the Australian ambassador in Belgrade and demanded Djokovic be released and allowed to play.
Djokovic's revelation on social media that he was heading to Australia seeking a record 21st major title instantly became a hot political topic, with many Australians furious that he was granted an exemption to enter the country. Critics questioned what grounds he could have for the exemption, and backers argued that he has a right to privacy and freedom of choice.
Australian Open tournament director Craig Tiley defended the "completely legitimate application and process'' and insisted there was no special treatment for Djokovic.
The Victoria government has mandated that only fully vaccinated players, staff members, fans and officials can enter Melbourne Park when the tournament begins.
Only 26 people connected with the tournament applied for a medical exemption and, Tiley said, only a "handful'' were granted. None of those players have been publicly identified.
Among the acceptable reasons for an exemption are acute major medical conditions, serious adverse reaction to a previous dose of COVID-19 vaccine or evidence of a COVID-19 infection within the previous six months. However, Morrison said Thursday that Tennis Australia had been advised several months ago that a recent infection did not meet the criteria for exemption.
Djokovic tested positive for the coronavirus in June 2020 after he played in a series of exhibition matches that he organized in Serbia and Croatia without social distancing amid the pandemic.
Australia saw another day of rising COVID-19 cases and hospitalizations on Thursday amid fears that changes to testing requirements could mask the full scale of the outbreak. The country reported 72,000 cases, up from 64,000 a day earlier, while hospitalizations jumped to 3,267 from 2,990 and patients in intensive care rose to 208 from 196. Victoria state recorded six deaths and 21,997 new cases, the biggest daily jump in cases since the pandemic began.
Information from the Associated Press and Reuters was used in this report.